As part of its modus operandi, Hezbollah stores its weapons in civilian structures and in the proximity of densely populated areas throughout Lebanon, with the highest concentration in the capital city of Beirut, the Beqaa Valley, and southern Lebanon. Hezbollah plans to launch these weapons toward civilian targets and population concentrations in Israel from within or adjacent to residential buildings. Hezbollah believes that this tactic will grant it immunity against IDF’s attacks. This tactic is known as the “human shield”.
Sometime in 2018 unknown sources uploaded a number of locations onto the Wikimapia online editable map. The locations were marked as Fateh 110 missile launch sites and associated infrastructure. The degree of detail and geographical context of the locations presented a plausible case for the information’s reliability.
Based on the information revealed on Wikimapia, the Alma Center developed a database of 28 sites related to the launch, storage and production of Hezbollah’s medium-range Fateh 110 / M 600 missiles, which we present to you in this report. The Fateh 110’s destructive range is up to 300 km or 186 miles, while improved models called “D’ Al-Ficar” have an even further range of up to 700 km or 435 miles. It must be emphasized that these particular missiles are subject to Hezbollah’s missile precision project.
Almost all of the sites are in southern Beirut, an area controlled by Hezbollah, and are located in civilian neighborhoods, inside private houses, medical centers, churches, industrial sites, public offices, fast food chains, as well as in open spaces nearby, hence activating the “human shield” tactic.
Further attesting to our perception of the source’s credibility, the Israeli Prime Minister l
isted three of the above locations in his September 2018 address to the UN State Assembly.
Based on our insight into Hezbollah’s action patterns these sites are available for immediate operational use.
Currently, most of the uploaded locations are in the process of being deleted from Wikimapia, following a user request accepted by the website’s administrators.