Waseem al-Masalma (“Waseem al-Amar”) – A Central Figure in Southern Syria Acting on behalf of the Radical Shiite Axis Led by Iran

Waseem al-Masalma

Waseem al-Masalma is the commander of the Liwa’ al-Arin militia, (al-Arin Brigade – (لواء العرين. The al-Arin militia, which controls about 600 operatives, is a local militia operating in the area of the city of Deraa and is one of the main local militias operating in southern Syria under the radical Shiite axis led by Iran. (See our research on the 36 local militias operating in southern Syria as mercenaries under the radical Shiite axis led by Iran).

The al-Arin militia was initially formed under the name “Brigade 313”, and has since been closely linked to the radical Shiite axis in general and with Lebanese Hezbollah in particular. The militia has two Lebanese Hezbollah-appointed controllers: “Haj Suleiman” and “Mostafa al-Arabi.

Al- Masalma previously participated in the battles of eastern and western a-Utin alongside the militias, and the battles for Deraa and its surroundings, before the reconciliation agreements between opposition rebels and the Syrian regime in 2018.

As part of Waseem al-Masalma’s cooperation with the radical Shi’ite axis, he deals, inter alia, in drug trafficking and the purchase of land. In addition, he is very close to the Syrian intelligence apparatus the “Air Force Security” (known for its cooperation with the radical Shiite axis).

Al-Masalma’s headquarters are located in the city of Deraa near the Panorama Square in the al-Kashaf neighborhood. The headquarters are located in the basement of a single civilian house where civilians serve as human shields (coordinates: 32.638186, 36.108362):

Al-Masalma’s headquarters in the city of Deraa

The militia also has a presence in the town of Izraa, where they control the local cultural center (coordinates: 32.85320457414553, 36.24875559433646): 

Liwa’ al-Arin Militia Headquarters in Izraa

Wasim al- Masalma is responsible for the security of the activities of two civilian foundations established by the radical Shiite axis led by Iran in southern Syria. The first is the “Jamaia al-Zahra’a” foundation (“al-Zahra’a” – the literal meaning is “flower”, insinuating the second name of Fatma, the daughter of Muhammad, the wife of Ali Ibn Abu Taleb – the first Caliph of the Shia). The second is the “Jamaia Al-Bostan” foundation (these days its name changed to the “al-Arin” foundation). The foundation receives direct support from the offices of the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei’s representatives in Syria and the Iranian embassy in Damascus.

The al-Masalma family from Deraa is strongly involved in the foundation’s activities. For example, the Jamia al-Zahara foundation is overseen by dignitaries and clerics from the city of Deraa, among them are Issam al-Masalma and Issa al-Makahl al-Masalma. Iran chose the city’s largest al-Masalma family to influence the locals. This is an example of the linkage and connection between the Shi’ite axis and large families in southern Syria. ( for the civilian activity of the radical Shiite axis in southern Syria, see our report we published on the subject).

In 2020, the Assad regime’s military security summoned al-Masalmeh to a meeting in Damascus to discuss the deteriorating security situation in the Deraa province. This was after residents of the area demonstrated against the dire economic situation. To control the security situation in the province, it was decided to expand al-Masalmeh’s authority, thus, he and his forces were assigned the management of the assassination assignments in the western part of Deraa province, on behalf of the Syrian army’s security. Many in Deraa believe that al-Masalmeh is involved in the abductions and assassinations of former fighters in the Free Syrian Army, as well as civilians:

Wasim al-Masalmeh stands with his criminal group
Wasim al-Masalmeh stands with his criminal group

In recently released voice recordings, Wasim al-Masalma is heard expressing temptations offered to teenagers and young people in exchange for their joining of the local mercenary militias operating in southern Syria under the auspices of the radical Shiite axis led by Iran. In the recordings, al-Masalma can be heard specifying the temptations, such as, postponing military service, regulating their security situation, and returning the family assets seized by the regime.

The recordings state: “Those who go with the Islamic resistance, their property, livelihood and family will receive more than 1,000 blessings… and in later stages, they will get to become a Hajj…”. 

Wasim al Masalmeh has established himself as a major local leader. He positioned himself as such in the face of both the local population and the radical Shiite axis led by Iran. He appears to be becoming one of the main proxies of the Shiite axis in southern Syria in general and in the Deraa region in particular.

In our assessment, al-Masalmeh will become a key figure of the radical Shiite axis in the region, both in a militarily and a civilian capacity. Likely, al-Masalmeh will soon be directed by the radical Shiite axis to carry out or assist military activity against Israel.

Tal Beeri

Tal Beeri

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